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Technology for wildlife conservation.

In this age of constantly evolving technology, innovation is the order of the day.

Digital tools are being developed to facilitate actions that support conservation, at different levels. « Connecting humanity and the planet: exploring digital innovation for wildlife conservation », the theme chosen this year to celebrate wildlife around the world, highlights the role of technological innovation in the efficiency and effectiveness of wildlife conservation actions. Let's take a look at some examples of these technologies.
eCITES permit
Over 40,000 wild species are regulated by CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. 97% of these species can be traded (those listed in CITES Appendices II and III). However, this trade is controlled through the exchange of CITES permits, with over a million permits issued worldwide each year. With a view to automating, simplifying and improving the transparency of processes within the CITES administrative authorities of each country (Article 6 de la loi n°2005-018 sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages - International trade in species of wild fauna and flora), an electronic permit system - "eCITES" - has been made available. This system encompasses four distinct elements: the application and issuance of permits, the control of trade in CITES-listed species, the communication of CITES trade statistics and the exchange of permit information between Parties. eCITES offers clear advantages in terms of efficiency, transparency and reliability over traditional paper permits. The CITES Secretariat is encouraging the 184 CITES signatory countries to adopt this system. Since 2021, with the support of UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), TRAFFIC and WWF, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development has been in the process of introducing and implementing this system in Madagascar.
ALOE application
ALOE, or "Access to environmental laws", is a desktop and mobile application designed by the consortium behind the “Combatting Corruption and Wildlife Trafficking” project, in collaboration with the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development, the Ministry of Justice and the Independent Anti-Corruption Bureau (BIANCO).
The ALOE application provides easy access to legal texts, which can be downloaded and consulted on cell phones. Law enforcement agencies, which include officers from customs, the national gendarmerie, the national police, the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development, as well as magistrates, are already using this application in their daily work. They can search and check in real time the Malagasy laws applicable to any offence relating to environmental crime and wildlife trafficking, which they are confronted with on a daily basis. To learn more about environmental laws, simply download the ALOE application: https://alliancevoaharygasy.org/aloe/