Towards sustainable mangrove management in Madagascar | WWF

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Towards sustainable mangrove management in Madagascar

The International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem is celebrated on 26 July every year. It is an opportunity to highlight the importance of this "unique, special and vulnerable" but "renewable" ecosystem and to promote solutions for its sustainable management and conservation.

Coverage in constant loss
 
Mangroves shelter an ecological wealth of both flora and fauna, and constitute a natural barrier for the protection of the coastline. They also constitute a considerable socio-economic crossroads for the riparian populations because they are the nursery for many species of fish and shellfish. Without them, crabs and shrimps would not exist in the wild.
 
Madagascar has a vast expanse of mangroves, representing 2% of the world's reserve[1] and 20% of African reserves. Nearly 236,400 ha of mangroves are listed in Madagascar (in 2018), mainly in the regions of Menabe, Melaky, Diana, Boeny, Atsimo Andrefana and Sofia. Unfortunately, an impressive loss of mangroves is recorded, mainly due to land conversion and the illegal collection of mangrove wood for various uses, despite the prohibitions and laws in force.
 
Mangrove conservation efforts are not in vain: civil society organizations, youth, local communities, conservation organizations, do not hesitate to mobilize and get involved in restoration activities, including reforestation, community patrols, awareness raising. A study on the state of mangroves in 2019 shows that the total area of mangroves in Madagascar has increased by 80,000 ha, from 310,452 ha in 2000 to just over 390,853 ha in 2018.