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South West Indian Ocean Seascape
© WWF Madagascar

The Northern Mozambique Channel seascape is located between five countries (Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique, Seychelles and Tanzania) and two territories (Mayotte and Glorioso Islands). Its natural resources are used in several different sectors of the economy, such as fisheries and aquaculture, oil and gas, maritime transport, and tourism. The seascape is considered to the second most valuable "hotspot" in the world in terms of coral biodiversity, just after the Coral Triangle in South-East Asia.

The Northern Mozambique Channel seascape

Risks and Challenges

The Northern Mozambique Channel landscape faces risks and challenges that are contributing to the degradation and loss of its natural resources. These include:

● Differences between economic development priorities of the countries that have a direct interest in the Northern Mozambique Channel.

● Plurality of sectors using the area and their lack of coordination.

● Environmental and social threats posed by the oil and gas sector in the area.

● Lack of involvement of civil society organizations in decision-making processes concerning the use of natural resources.

● Overexploitation of marine resources due to the lack of alternatives in the area.

The oil and gas sector has a negative impact on the area.

© WWF Madagascar
What is WWF doing?

WWF and its partners work in the Northern Mozambique Channel seascape to:

1. Promote integrated ocean management
The seascape's natural resources, which have high economic value, are used by a wide range of people and sectors. For that reason, WWF and its partners promote integrated ocean management to try and ensure sustainable economic development in the area.

2. Promote best practices in key sectors
To ensure sustainable development in the Northern Mozambique Channel, WWF and its partners urge the main sectors using marine and coastal areas (fisheries and aquaculture, oil and gas, tourism and maritime transport) to adopt practices that comply with the principles of a sustainable blue economy.

3. Support management and resistance to climate change in protected areas and community managed areas
To preserve the natural capital of this biodiversity rich area, it is fundamental to improve the management of protected areas and community managed areas. In that regard, WWF and its partners provide technical support to marine protected area managers and local communities.

4. Involve civil society organizations in the decision-making process regarding the use of natural assets and resources
To be an effective counterpower, it is important that the civil society organizations participate in the various decision-making processes (local, national and regional) within marine resource management. To this end, WWF and its partners are building the capacity of these organizations.

Local communities play an important role in conservation efforts.

© WWF Madagascar

In accordance with its environmental and social safeguards policies and framework, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has established a mechanism to receive and respond to concerns raised by stakeholders, including local communities, who may be affected by the implementation of its activities or by any inappropriate actions of its employees. If you are interested in WWF's work, your input is important to help us learn and continually improve the ways we work to positively impact nature and people.