Promotion of the sustainable production of agrifuels in Madagascar


The development of agrifuel investments in Madagascar is strongly motivated by the potentialities in terms of space and arable lands, the Government’s position in favor of the investments and most of all by the search for energy security against the strong dependence on Oil imports.
Given the significant evolution of the agrifuel sector worldwide, and considering the time needed in the implementation of investment projects in the country, Madagascar has the advantage to be able to capitalize reflections, experiences and international works which have highlighted the potential risks on the environment and especially on food security. In this way, the development of the sector should be carefully planned, implemented and continually monitored for its sustainability.

Thus, the WWF/ Agrifuel project wants to contribute to the establishment of a favorable environment for the sustainable development of agrifuels in Madagascar, that is to say an eco- aware development that will also benefit the national and local producing and consumer population.

Objective and description

The WWF/ Agrifuel Project works to support the State to adopt a policy, a strategy, regulatory texts and tools in favor of sustainable agrifuels so that these devices, which should fit the agrifuel investments in the country, may be operational.
The project started in August 2009 and will end in December 2011. In its effort to promote the sustainable production of agrifuels, the project focuses on:

- The establishment and operationalization of a platform at national level, which should focus on, the framework that will govern the agrifuel sector in Madagascar.

- The promotion of a guide of Environmental and Social Impact Study for the agrifuel sector and starting with investments in the Atsimo Andrefana and Vatovavy Fitovinany regions.

- The organization of a network of NGO and civil society organizations to monitor the agrifuel investments on the national ground.

Project Data

  • Started: August 2009
  • Planned end date: December 2011
  • Executant: Irina Randriantiana
  • Managing Office: WWF Madagascar and West Indian Ocean Programme Office
  • Address: WWF Madagascar and West Indian Ocean Programme Office B.P. 738 Antananarivo 101 - Madagascar - +261 20 22 348 85
  • Status: active


Achievements and Impacts

- The National Platform of Sustainable Agrifuels or PAD was established in December 2009 and works by leading discussions on topics that were identified as being relevant and based on the objective of a sustainable production of agrifuel in the country. Specifically, clusters will reflect on the principles and the actions in order to stick to this goal by focusing on the issues related to land use, social and economic development, environment, research, all related to agrifuel investments. The PAD is composed of institution representatives, village organizations, CSOs and NGOs, investors, the UNDP, WWF and Technical and Financial Partners. An action plan is developed and adopted for each half year. The establishment of the PAD had a positive response with the stakeholders who recognize the need to work together in order to implement the policy, the strategy and regulation of the sector in addressing the environmental, social and economic issues which are cross cutting in the production of agrifuels.

- The PAD Committee, executive board of the PAD, meets regularly to implement and monitor the action plan that was adopted at the level of the platform. First, the establishment of an information sharing system is one of the main activities of the PAD in order to have a same level of information regarding the agrifuel sector. A draft interdepartmental decree establishing the PAD and the PAD Committee has been adopted by the PAD and is expected to be proposed at the level of the concerned ministries. The PAD Committee is composed of representatives of the Ministries in charge of Land Development and Decentralization, Agriculture, Environment and Forests, Energy, Oil (Hydrocarbons), Economy, Industries, Finances and Budget; of the National office for the Environment, of the Malagasy Hydrocarbons Office, the Economic Development Board of Madagascar; and of the private sector and villagers associations. WWF provides the Technical Secretariat of the PAD Committee during the project.

- A strategic study of the development of the agrifuel sector in Madagascar, considering the environmental, social, and economic aspects, will be conducted and will result in a proposed policy, regulatory and strategic framework allowing the PAD to position itself in order to help at best the State to formulate its own policies and strategies;

- The sectorial Guide for the Environmental and Social Impact Study is being finalized in collaboration with the National Office for the Environment. The Guide will be promoted nationally.

- The establishment of a network of NGOs and CSOs is being prepared. This network will ensure the sustainability of the investments, since the CSOs are in the best position to get ground information, and they are also best suited to carry out local awareness and information sessions.

Fruits / Agrifuel 
© WWF / Irina Randriantiana
Fruits / Agrifuel
© WWF / Irina Randriantiana
© WWF / John E. Newby
Tending to new seedlings in a WWF funded nursery, Madagascar. Supply of sustainable fuel wood from plantations will reduce pressure on natural forests.
© WWF / John E. Newby